Back pain does not equal harm. There are many reasons which can contribute to back pain and often a combination of the following can cause back pain:
- Age. Back pain becomes more common with advancing age. The inter-vertebral discs begin to lose fluid and flexibility with age, which decreases their ability to cushion the vertebrae. The risk of spinal stenosis also increases with age,
- physical factors such as protecting the back and avoiding movement can cause back pain,
- psychological reasons including fear of damage or not getting better, being stressed or feeling down,
- general health lifestyle reasons like being tired and not getting enough good quality sleep, not getting enough physical activity,
- social triggers such as bad relationships at work or home, low job satisfaction or stressful life events like a family death or illness,
- genetics, Some causes of back pain, such as ankylosing spondylitis (a form of arthritis that involves the fusion of the spinal joints leading to some immobility of the spine) have a genetic component.
One or more of the above factors can increase the back pain and having a greater understanding of when that can happen puts you in a position to identify the trigger factors and learn how to cope with them.