Arachnoiditis is a pain disorder caused by the inflammation of the arachnoid, one of the membranes that surround and protects the nerves of the spinal cord. It is characterised by severe stinging, burning pain, and neurological problems.

Symptoms of Arachnoiditis

The most common symptom is pain, but arachnoiditis can also cause:

  • Sensations that may feel like insects crawling on the skin or water trickling down the leg
  • Tingling, numbness, or weakness in the legs
  • Severe shooting pain that can be similar to an electric shock sensation
  • Muscle cramps, spasms and uncontrollable twitching
  • Bladder and bowel problems

Treating Arachnoiditis

Treatment options for arachnoiditis are similar to those for other chronic pain conditions.

Most treatments focus on relieving pain and improving symptoms that impair daily activities.

Often, health care professionals recommend a program of pain management, physiotherapy, exercise, and psychotherapy. Surgery for arachnoiditis is controversial because outcomes can be poor and provide only short-term relief.


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