Extra treatment from the specialist may be recommended if self-help measures alone do not improve the back pain.
These extra treatments include:
- group exercise classes where you’re taught exercises to strengthen your muscles and improve your posture,
- manual therapy treatments, such as manipulating the spine and massage, which are usually done by a physiotherapist, chiropractor, osteopathy,
- psychological support, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) if you are struggling to cope with pain.
Surgery is generally only considered in the small number of cases where back pain is caused by a specific medical condition. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/back-pain/treatment/