- Muscle spasm and strained muscles or ligament. Activities that can lead to muscle strains or spasms include; lifting something improperly, lifting something too heavy, making an abrupt and awkward movement.
2. Injuries on the back, fractures and falls can cause back pain.
3. Ruptured disks. Each vertebra in the spine is cushioned by disks, if the disk ruptures, there will be more pressure on a nerve resulting in back pain.
4. Bulging disks. In much the same way as ruptured disks, a bulging disk can result in more pressure on a nerve.
5. Sciatica. A sharp and shooting pain that travels through the buttock and down the back of the leg caused by a bulging or herniated disk that is pressing on a nerve. Sciatica can also cause numbness, tingling and weakness in the lower back, buttocks, legs and feet.
6. Arthritis. Osteoarthritis can cause problems with the joints in the hips and lower back.
7. Spinal stenosis. A narrowing of space around the spinal cord.
8. Abnormal curvature of the spine. If the spine curves in an unusual way, back pain can result. An example is a scoliosis in which the spine curves to the side.
9. Osteoporosis. A condition where the bones, including the vertebra of the spine, become brittle and porous making compression fracture more likely.
10. Kidney problem. Kidney stones or kidney infection can cause back pain. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/back-pain/causes/