Along with a complete medical history and physical exam, diagnostic procedures for neck pain may include:
- Blood tests. These tests can help diagnose underlying inflammatory disease.
- X-ray. A test that uses electromagnetic energy beams to make images of bones onto film.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This procedure uses large magnets and a computer to make detailed images of organs and structures within the body. MRI can often identify damage or disease of internal structures within our joints, or in a surrounding ligament or muscle.
- Computed tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan). An imaging procedure uses X-rays and computer technology to make images of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays.
- Electromyogram (EMG). A test to evaluate nerve function. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/neck-pain-and-stiff-neck/