back pain

CAUSES OF BACK PAIN

The average person is born with 33 individual bones in the back (the vertebrae) that interact and connect through flexible joints called facets. By the time a person becomes an adult most have only 24 vertebrae because some vertebrae at the bottom end of the spine fuse together during normal growth and development.

The back has more than 100 joints each with its cluster of tendons, ligaments and muscles. Yet we often subject this complex structure to heavy loads and stresses.

Poor posture, careless lifting and many everyday tasks from weeding the garden to carrying heavy shopping can cause painful strains and sprains on the back. Sometimes you simply may not know why back pain has appeared.

In most cases, the cause of back pain is ‘mechanical’ (that is, not caused by disease), which means the pain will usually get better over time. In other cases, the cause of back is diseases and old age in some cases. When the back pain does not get better over time, it will be a good idea to visit your doctor for advice. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/back-pain/causes/

back pain, headache

WHAT CAUSE BACK PAIN AND HEADACHE TO OCCUR AT THE SAME TIME?

Below is the list of conditions that can cause back pain and headache to occur at the same time:

(1) POOR POSTURE

Poor posture can put a strain on the muscles of your head and back. Maintaining poor posture over time can lead to the development of both headache and back pain.

(2) INJURY

Car accident, fall, or injury while playing sports, can cause headache and back pain to occur together.

(3) INFECTIONS

Meningitis and encephalitis often cause back pain and headache together. Meningitis is an inflammation of the tissues surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Encephalitis is an inflammation of brain tissue. Other symptoms that can occur during meningitis and encephalitis includes, but not limited to, flu-like symptoms, high fever, stiff neck, neck pain, photosensitivity to light.

(4) MIGRAINE

Intense, throbbing headache my lead to lower back pain.

(5) IBS

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a gastrointestinal disorder that can cause symptoms like abdominal cramps, constipation and diarrhoea. IBS can also cause headache and back pain.

(6) BRAIN ANEURYSM

A brain aneurysm occurs when the walls of an artery in the brain become weakened and begin to bulge. If the aneurysm ruptures, it can be life-threatening. Symptoms can include, but not limited to, sudden severe headache, neck stiffness or neck pain, back pain, double vision. If you think someone has a brain aneurysm an ambulance has to be called and the person has to be taken to the nearest emergency department. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/headaches/ https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/back-pain/

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR?

You need to see a doctor if your headache and back pain:

  • are severe,
  • does not get better with rest or home treatment,
  • returns or occurs more often than usual,
  • affects your normal day-to-day activity.
back pain, Middle back pain

CAUSES OF MIDDLE BACK PAIN & STEPS TO REDUCE THE RISK OF MIDDLE BACK INJURY

Middle back is the region of the back between the rib cage and base of the spine. In this region, there are 12 spinal disks, several vertebrae, muscles and ligaments. There are many causes of middle back pain ranging from injury to poor posture. Some of the causes of middle back pain are injury, age, arthritis, fractured vertebrae, kidney problem, herniated disks, muscle sprain or strain, poor posture, scoliosis, tumour. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/back-pain/causes/

Not all cases of middle back pain are preventable, but the following steps may reduce the risk of injury:

  • Maintain a healthful weight. Being overweight puts extra stress on the back muscles.
  • Sleep on one side or on the back. People who sleep on their stomach may experience spinal misalignment. It is best to sleep on the back, or one side with a pillow between the knees.
  • Practice proper posture. Stand tall with the shoulders back and keep the pelvis in a neutral position.
  • Ergonomically optimise all workspace. Make sure computers are at eye level, look for a seat with armrests and lower back supports, and wear supportive shoes.
  • Lift with caution. Where possible, avoid heavy lifting or find someone to help. When lifting, keep the back straight and bend at the knees.
  • Try physical therapy. Ask the therapist for a personalised program to improve posture, core strength, and mobility.